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Register a Marriage in Romania

by Vlad Cuc

One of the most frequent problems encountered by Romanian citizens that live abroad is the registration of the marriage in Romania, if concluded in their new state of residence. The registration of the marriage is necessary in order to renew any Romanian identification documentation but also to prevent bigamy.

Romanian marriage legislation establishes certain stapes that need to be taken in order to register a marriage concluded in a foreign state.
In order for the registration of the marriage to take place the Romanian citizen needs to submit an application to the mayor of city in which the Romanian citizen resided before leaving the country. If the Romanian citizen never resided in Romania then the application will be submitted to the mayor of Bucharest’s Sector 1.

The application can be submitted personally or by a representative in powered by a special power of attorney. This special power of attorney needs to meet certain conditions:
a)    If the power of attorney is issued by authorities of a country that signed The Hague Convention the power of attorney needs an apostille.
b)     If the power of attorney is issued by authorities of  a country with which Romania signed treaties / conventions / agreements for mutual legal assistance the power of attorney does not need any legalization
c)    If the power of attorney is issued by authorities of a country that does not fall in the categories listed in point a) and b) then the power of attorney needs to be legalized this means that the original document will bear 3 stamps one applied by the authority issuing the power of attorney, the stamp of Romanian diplomatic mission in the respective country, and finally a stamp of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The application is standardized and is provided by City hall in Romania. The application needs to be accompanied by the following documents:
1.    The certificate of marriage issued by foreign authorities in original, a photocopy, and a certified translation of the document. Just like the power of attorney the certificate needs to meet the following conditions:
a)    If the certificate of marriage is issued by authorities of a country that signed The Hague Convention the certificate of marriage needs an apostille.
b)     If the  certificate of marriage is issued by authorities of  a country with which Romania signed treaties / conventions / agreements for mutual legal assistance the power of attorney does not need any legalization
c)    If the certificate of marriage is issued by authorities of a country that does not fall in the categories listed in point a) and b) then the certificate needs to be legalized this means that the original document will bear 3 stamps one applied by the authority issuing the certificate of marriage, the stamp of Romanian diplomatic mission in the respective country, and finally a stamp of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
2.    Photocopies of the birth certificate, identity document of passport of the Romanian citizen.
3.    A notarized statement from the Romanian citizen regarding the name he/she was given after the conclusion of the marriage in case the certificate of marriage or its equivalent does not bare this mention.
4.    A declaration that the certificate of marriage was not transcribed before. This is a standardized declaration provided by the city hall.
5.    Extrajudicial fee of 2 lei consisting of a Fiscal stamp.

After receiving the application and all the needed documentation the mayor will order The Service for Population Records to make enquiries regarding the applicant. After the verification held by the Service for Population Records if the applicant provided the correct documentation and if he did not request for his marriage to be registered before the marriage concluded in a foreign country will be registered in Romanian Civil Registries.